Why see an emergency dentist for tooth fracture?
Now that vacation time is approaching and outdoor activities are taking place, the practice of contact sports, both children and adults, is happening more often. This means that more people are prone to suffer all kinds of accidents, falls and blows, which can affect the mouth, including damage of the lips, tongue, teeth that can go from increasing the mobility of the same, partial or total removal of the tooth from the mouth.
See a dentist
The first thing that should be done when you suffer some dental trauma is to go to the emergency dentist immediately. It is necessary to control the vitality of the tooth since even a soft blow can cause the death of the piece in the long term. It may even cause further problems such as a painful tooth abscess.
In the case of a trauma in the mouth that affects the teeth, we should look for the piece of tooth that has been fractured, or a small part, because in some cases it can be used and adhere again or in the complete loss of the tooth where you can reimplant again. Also put ice on the affected area intermittently, avoiding long periods to avoid burns.
Keep the tooth fragment
It is very important to transport the tooth or fragment, in a container with water, saline or milk, if none of the above is possible, put it under the tongue of the person who has suffered the accident.
Do not try to clean it, transport it as we have found it, always in a humid environment, never take it in napkins or dry rags, in order to conserve as well as possible the cells that later are necessary for the success of the treatment carried out by a dentist.
What will a dentist do?
There are multiple consequences of dental trauma, from transient loosening, increased sensitivity, darkening of the tooth, which indicates the loss of vitality, fractures without affecting the nerve or affecting it where it would be necessary to perform a root canal treatment, to preserve the tooth, and later perform a reconstruction or dental filling.
Depending on the extent of the fracture, if it covers only enamel or enamel and dentin or if the nerve is also affected, the treatment plan will vary. From a simple reconstruction with composite to performing the endodontic of that tooth (nerve treatment or killing the nerve) in more extreme cases if it is impossible to reconstruct the fractured tooth or if other structures are compromised they must proceed to perform the extraction of the affected tooth.
If it is an enamel fracture, the dental reconstruction will be made with composite using a colour similar to the natural tooth. If the fracture includes enamel and dentin, the fractured tooth will be reconstructed in the same way and, depending on the extension of the fracture, a crown or another kind of dental prosthesis will be placed to prevent it from fracturing again. When the fracture affects the dental pulp (the nerve of the affected tooth), there are different treatments depending on whether the tooth is temporary or not.